The grapes for this wine come from a selection of Markís four favourite vineyards in the heart of the Primitivo growing region, located in the low hills east of Taranto in Puglia. The region is an old sea bed, full of fossils of clams, oysters and urchins. The altitude is approximately 30-60 metres above sea level and annual rainfall is 35 centimetres. The climate is classically Mediterranean, as Puglia is on a peninsula between the Adriatic and the Ionian seas. The Primitivo vines are quite old; most are the original post phylloxera plantings and range from 70 to 100 years old. As with most vineyards planted at that time, they are small bush vines called "albarello" which are non-irrigated and low yielding. The average Primitivo vineyard is quite small, less than half a hectare and the best sites have a crumbly, dark reddish brown soil that resembles instant coffee. It was a truly great harvest in Puglia in 2012. Summer was sunny, dry and warm with many days in the mid to upper 30°Cs. Grape set was light and the extended good weather resulted in the earliest harvest on record. Primitivo harvest started on 23rd August (about 2 weeks ahead of normal). All vineyards were very clean and the grapes, very ripe. The Primitivo grapes were dried for five weeks then underwent a leisurely, cold (18°C) fermentation. About one third of the wine spent time in three year old French oak, to gain another layer of complexity without picking up any oak flavour. A deeply coloured wine with exuberant perfumes of ripe red and black berry fruits, with notes of spice from the oak ageing. Made in the style of an Amarone, it is concentrated and opulent on the palate, with great balance. It is elegant, velvety and supple, with a long finish.